You are a peasant worker, just like your father before you. He had been granted land due to the serf reforms in the early 1900’s and was able to be successful. Then the civil war breaks out, you go and fight for the reds even though many of the other prosperous peasants fight for the white. Following the war, you returned to your farm, ready to continue the success your father had started, and raise a family. Unfortunately, you are now deemed a “Kulak” by the government and are told you must surrender your land to the collective. Upon hearing that you must give up all that you and your family have worked for to the government, you resist and do not comply. Days later you hear a knock on your door, it’s the Soviet secret police, you are dragged out of your house and forced to leave.
You are then separated from wife and children, you are taken and interrogated by the police to discover any hostile behaviors. After surviving your interrogation, you are put on a train to Siberia. There you are finally reunited with your family, you are given nothing but the instructions to start your life a new in the cold, unforgiving lands of Siberia. Sadly, this is what happened to many Kulaks and other peasants who opposed collectivization during the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. Those who were deported would be what I would consider the lucky ones, others were sent to labor camps, others in more extreme cases were even killed. This is all part of the “war” against the Kulaks or Dekulakization. Stalin used the Kulaks as scapegoats, they were blamed for the many food and shortages that besieged the Soviet Union as the result of collectivization.
(Anti-Kulak Soviet Propaganda)
A massive propaganda campaign was started to paint the Kulaks as greedy and as enemies of the state. However, you did not even have to be rich or a land-owning peasant to be considered a Kulak, any peasant who did not want to give up their land were labeled Kulaks. As stated before there was a wide range of punishments, at the very least they would be thrown out of their homes, and have all of their possessions taken, in the most extreme cases they were executed. This happened throughout the whole of the Soviet Union, with the worst case being in the region of Ukraine. Where food was taken from taken from the people and would result in a forced famine that would claim the lives of over 7 million people, all to destroy the Kulaks and anyone else you opposed collectivization.
Siegelbaum, Lewis. “Collectivization.” Soviet history, http://soviethistory.msu.edu/1929-2/collectivization/. Accessed 18 March 2018
“Ku.” Marxist, https://www.marxists.org/glossary/terms/k/u.htm. Accessed 18 March 2018